The human body is composed of ~75% water, which plays an important role in every bodily function. Hydrated a person is more efficient in body performance ranging from thinking to burning body fat. Water intake aids in weight loss. It suppresses appetite, boosts metabolism, and makes exercise more effective. Drinking more water promotes satiation, as it passes through the system and stretches the stomach, resulting in fullness. Drinking water also stimulates heat production in the body, resulting in a higher rate of metabolism.
Konjac Glucomannan is a soluble, fermentable, polysaccharide produced from the Amorphophallus Konjac (elephant yam or konjac plant) found in Asia. Konjac is available as supplements, in drink mixes, additive (emulsifier and thickener) to food products such as flour and pasta.
Xanthan is an indigestible soluble fiber, which absorbs water and turns into a gel-like substance, slowing down digestion. It controls sugar entry to the bloodstream and decreasing blood sugar spikes. Xanthan aids in weight loss by increasing satiety, lowering bad cholesterol, claiming to have cancer-fighting properties, improving regularity, and used as saliva substitute.
Inulin is a soluble fiber found in 36,000 plant species (wheat, onion, banana, garlic, asparagus, etc.) and in some bacteria and fungi. The chicory roots are the richest source of inulin. Several manufactured forms of inulin are Chicory inulin and High-Performance (HP) inulin. In 2018 the FDA approved inulin as a dietary fiber component used to increase the nutritional value of processed food products in the United States. Inulin stimulates growth of beneficial bacteria, which in turn helps improve bowel function and gut health, curb appetite, and boosts immunity.
Beta Glucan is a soluble dietary fiber found naturally in cereal grains, yeast, and in medicinal mushrooms (cordyceps, reishi, shitake, and maitake). Among its sources, barley has the highest Beta Glucan content. Beta Glucan is a polysaccharide that promotes good health by reducing cholesterol, and controls blood sugar levels. Beta Glucan lowers blood cholesterol by preventing the absorption of cholesterol from food in the stomach and intestines. If injected, Beta Glucan stimulates the immune system by growing chemicals which prevent infection. Beta Glucan also helps with constipation and bowel issues, preserves healthy intestinal bacteria, and helps regulate weight.
Guar gum decreases body weight by 1.8 lbs (~0.81 kg) in overweight adults and those with additional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (Jovanovski 2020).
Guar gum increases satiety for 10 hours (Faris 1998).
Guar gum decreases daily energy intake by 310 calories (Pasman 1997b). That is a weight loss of ~2.5 kg (5.3 lbs) per month or 30 kg (66 lbs) per year.
Guar gum increases the ratio of the healthy to unhealthy gut flora by 100% to 1,000% (Fak 2015, Ohashi 2015, Berger 2014, Okubo 1994). An unhealthy microbiome promotes sugar cravings (Roberfroid 2010).